What Does a School Counselor Do?

Parents, administrators, teachers and students considering a career in school counseling often wonder just what it is school counselors do on a daily basis. Why do we need school counselors anyway? On a daily basis, school counselors are involved in character education, violence prevention, career planning and much more.

The Role of the School Counselor
Today's school counselors are vital members of the education team. They help all students in the areas of academic achievement, personal/social development and career development, ensuring today's students become the productive, well-adjusted adults of tomorrow. Learn more about The Role of the Professional School Counselor.

The Need for School Counselors
School counselors are an important part of the educational leadership team and provide valuable assistance to students regardless of whether they work in an elementary school or middle school, high school or beyond.
Why Elementary School Counselors?
Why Middle/Junior High School Counselors?
Why Secondary School Counselors?
Why Post-secondary School Counselors?
Why School Counseling Directors/Coordinators?

Certification and Continuing Education Requirements
Every state has different requirements for certification and continuing education for practicing school counselors. Additionally, two organizations provide school-counseling-related certification options. 

School Counselor Competencies: Outline the knowledge, attitudes, and skills that ensure school counselors are equipped to meet the rigorous demands of the profession and the needs of PK-12 students.

Student-to-Counselor Ratios
Although ASCA recommends a 250-to-1 ratio of students to counselors, the national average is actually 459 for the 2009-2010 school year (the most recent year for which data are available; please note, this is preliminary data).